Thermal expansion matching via framework flexibility in zinc dicyanometallates
A L Goodwin, B J Kennedy and C J Kepert
J Am Chem Soc 131, 6334–6335 (2009)
The thermal expansion properties of two isostructural zinc dicyanometallates that crystallize with and without the inclusion of a weakly interacting secondary crystalline phase have been investigated using variable temperature single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The guest-free Zn[Au(CN)2]2 framework was found to show very strong anisotropic positive and negative thermal expansion. In contrast, its cocrystal analogue Zn[Ag(CN)2]2·xAgCN exhibited much more moderate behavior, such that the coefficient of thermal expansion for the host Zn[M(CN)2]2 framework now matched that of crystalline AgCN. It was proposed that this correlation points to a more general ability of highly flexible framework materials to “match” the thermal expansivity of adhered phases (e.g., substrates, sorbates, or cocrystallized species), suggesting a methodology of eliminating thermal strain in multicomponent assemblies.