Defect-dependent colossal negative thermal expansion in UiO-66(Hf) metal-organic framework
M J Cliffe, J A Hill, C A Murray, F-X Coudert and A L Goodwin
Phys Chem Chem Phys 17, 11586-11592 (2015)

Thermally-densified hafnium terephthalate UiO-66(Hf) is shown to exhibit the strongest isotropic negative thermal expansion (NTE) effect yet reported for a metal-organic framework (MOF). Incorporation of correlated vacancy defects within the framework affects both the extent of thermal densification and the magnitude of NTE observed in the densified product. We thus demonstrate that defect inclusion can be used to tune systematically the physical behaviour of a MOF.